Benefits of Using Activated Charcoal in Air Pollution Control
Activated charcoal, also known as activated carbon refers to carbon which has been processed to contain small pores. The smalls increase helps in elements absorption and increases its ability to engage in chemical reactions. It is referred to as active charcoal because it is processed for functions such as elements reaction, absorption, and expelling. Activated charcoal is a very powerful adsorbent and is widely used in industries to remove undesirable components and contaminants from gases and liquids. Activated charcoal is essential in air pollution control. Activated charcoal can be derived from coal, coconut shells, wood, corn, solid and organic matter, and an affordable cost. The use of active charcoal has become more popular as it enhances environmental sustainability. It is used for health and environmental purposes. Active carbon is mostly used in industries and also for home uses. Below are some of the benefits of applying activated charcoal in pollution control.
First, activated carbon or charcoal is used in air purification. It can adsorb undesirable materials from gases. This makes it very valuable in controlling air quality and refinement. It is also used in homes and office surroundings to improve air quality and even in the treatment of flue gas. Flue gases contain harmful pollutants that are not easily removed during the industrial process; thus, active carbon plays a vital role in purifying this gas.
Secondly, activated carbon is used in water purification. It is used in both small scale and large-scale water purification process. It is used in enhancing water quality in both industrial and municipal settings. In an industrial context, activated charcoal is used to remove undesirable components from different streams that contain wastewater. It is also used in a municipal environment to remove both inorganic materials and soluble organics from the initial treatment of water. In both industrial and municipal settings, activated carbon act as a catalyst that prevent harmful inorganic and organic components from drinking and surface water. These improve the quality of water used for consumption and industrial usage. It is also used I groundwater remediation to remove volatile organic compounds since the water is contaminated. In water purification, both powdered and granular activated carbons can be used.
Lastly, activated carbon can be reactivated or regenerated. Another significant benefit of using activated charcoal is that it can be reactivated or regenerated. This means that the already used carbon can be reused by desorbing all the adsorbed compounds from the active carbon. Though not all active carbons can be regenerated, those that can be regenerated are considered to be environmentally friendly and also offer various economic benefits. Reactivation of carbon is carried out in a rotary kiln. Activated carbon plays a vital role in sustainability, as it is the world’s most significant emphasis. Having air that is not polluted is beneficial to our health and also industries as they rely on quality air and quality water. These are some of the benefits gained by the use of activated charcoal or activated carbon in air pollution control.